top of page

Types of Lighting

There are many important elements to consider when it comes to home renovations and one of these is lighting within the various spaces. A great lighting layout can monumentally transform a space. It should provide a number of elements, such as overall illumination, highlighting of feature objects and the creation of an ambiance by the mere flick of a switch. However, there is often a certain amount of structural work that needs to take place in order to fulfil these requirements and this should always be carried out by a certified and professional electrician who at the completion of a job can provide you with a Certificate of Compliance*. So whilst it is the installation is the electrician’s responsibility it is the interior designer’s responsibility to provide a detailed lighting plan and specification for the work needed.

The rule of thumb when it comes to a lighting scheme is that functional fittings do the work and decorative fittings add the style and flair. The best solution is to combine the two which will allow the room to adapt in accordance with your specific taste and requirements – functional or subjective. A few of the elements that should be considered size and scale, visual appearance, actual fitting cost in relation to the budget, bulb efficiency and accessibility, etc. I believe in this case function follows form but there needs to be a balance between the two.

Types of lighting include:

  • General (ambient) Lighting

This refers to the functional lighting source that provides overall illumination to the space. The types of lights that provide this functional lighting source include chandeliers, ceiling or wall-mount fixture, track or recessed lights and table or floor lamps. These fittings should be selected to compliment and add detail to the overall design scheme.

  • Task Lighting

Task lighting is installed in a fixed position to highlight a specific area, or task. This could include kitchen under cabinet lighting, back lighting for shaving and make up application, reading areas, focused desk lighting or dining at a table. Such lighting fixtures may include strip lighting, free standing fixtures or spot lights.


  • Accent Lighting

This light source is used to highlight specific areas or objects within an interior including pictures, artwork, architectural details or walk ways. Accent lighting creates focal points of interest and drama. Common types of fixtures include wall scones, flood lights, recessed lights and directional downlights. Additional kinetic forms of accent lights include fire light and candle light.

So when it comes to resolving your lighting scheme in conjunction with the style of your room it is important to make use of a professional who has the right skill set to bring your vision to life in the most spectacular way. It can be a costly exercise, which is another reason a skilled interior designer should be commissioned to keep your budget in check.

  • A Certificate of Compliance refers to a signed document certified by a competent authority as proof that the good supplied or service conducted meets the required specifications.


Featured Posts
Recent Posts
Search By Tags
No tags yet.
bottom of page